Saltar al contenido
Libros y Manuales de Agronomia

Manual de Reproducción de la plantas. Libros gartis

En botánica, la reproducción vegetal designa a los variados mecanismos a través de los cuales las plantas se multiplican. Los musgos, los helechos y las plantas superiores muestran una increíble diversidad de historias de vida, hábito de crecimiento y fisiologías

FORMAS DE REPRODUCCIÓN

1. Reproducción sexual Implica la unión de células y genera variabilidad genética.
FLORES – POLINIZACION – FRUTO – SEMILLAS

TRATAMIENTOS PRE GERMINATIVOS

ESCARIFICACIÓN

Resultado de imagen para escarificacion de semillas

La escarificación es cualquier proceso que rompa, raye, altere mecánicamente o ablande las cubiertas de las semillas para hacerlas permeables al agua y a los gases

ESTRATIFICACION

Imagen relacionada

Este tratamiento se utiliza para romper la latencia fisiológica, y consiste en colocar las semillas entre estratos que conservan la humedad, comúnmente arena o bien turba o vermiculita, en frío o calor.

La estratificación fría es aquella donde se mantienen las semillas a temperaturas bajas (- 5° C).

REMOJO

Resultado de imagen para estratificacion de semillas
Sumergir las semillas en agua tibia de un día para otro y después plantar.

 

2. Reproducción Vegetativa o asexual No implica la unión de células y
en ella los individuos se desarrollan para dar otros idénticos a ellos.
PARTES DE LAS PLANTAS: Tallo, hojas, raíces

MÉTODOS DE REPRODUCCIÓN VEGETATIVA

  • División de mata
  • Acodos
  • Injertos
  • Esquejes o estacas
  • Bulbos, cormos, tubérculos y rizomas
  • Hijuelos
  • Estolones

Resultado de imagen para reproduccion de las plantas

 

 

DIVISIÓN DE MATAS

Resultado de imagen para DIVISION DE MATAS

Metodología:
1. Sacar toda la mata de la tierra, y una vez tengamos toda la planta, proceder a su división.
2. Es importante cortar las hojas de cada división a una altura aproximada de una palma de mano.
3.Después de dividir las matas, realizar la plantación, en macetas o directamente en tierra.
4. Es importante que nos aseguremos de que las raíces se encuentran dentro de la superficie, aunque tratándose de un rizoma deberá permanecer en la superficie, ya que con exceso de humedad puede llegar a pudrirse.
5. Por último, cuando hayamos concluido la plantación, habrá que realizar un buen riego para que comiencen a enraizar de nuevo.

ÿ ACODO AEREO

Resultado de imagen para reproduccion de las plantas ACODO
El acodo aéreo es una técnica de reproducción de árboles y arbustos mediante el cual se provoca la emisión de raíces en una rama, para cortarla posteriormente y separarla de la planta madre, dando lugar de esta manera a un nuevo árbol independiente idéntico a ella.

Para mejorar el éxito de dicha técnica es conveniente, aunque no imprescindible, cubrir con una cinta opaca el trozo de corteza de la rama que queremos acodar, para provocar su transformación en corteza sin cloroplastos, (orgánulos encargados de la fotosíntesis, en ellos se transforma la energía lumínica en energía química, que puede ser aprovechada por los vegetales), más parecida a la corteza de las raíces, lo que se llama ETIOLACIÓN. De esta manera aumentan las probabilidades de éxito, ya que la corteza etiolada emite raíces con facilidad, incluso en árboles de muy difícil enraizamiento

 

FUENTE: http:munistgo.info/medio_ambiente

 

Entradas relacionadas

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.

Comentarios (92)

Now it’s time to pick your particular investments.

Wow, fantastic weblog format! How long have you ever been blogging for?
you make running a blog look easy. The full glance of your
site is excellent, let alone the content material!

Greetings! Very useful advice in this particular post!
It is the little changes that will make the largest changes.
Many thanks for sharing!

It’s awesome for me to have a website, which is useful
in favor of my know-how. thanks admin

Does your website have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but, I’d like to send
you an e-mail. I’ve got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it grow over time.

Hi! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a collection of volunteers and starting a
new initiative in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have done a outstanding job!

This info is priceless. How can I find out more?

I want to to thank you for this fantastic read!! I certainly enjoyed every bit of it.
I have got you saved as a favorite to check out new things you post…

Wow! In the end I got a webpage from where I be
capable of in fact obtain valuable facts regarding my study and knowledge.

I don’t know if it’s just me or if perhaps everybody else experiencing issues with your website.
It appears as if some of the written text within your content are running
off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to
them as well? This might be a issue with my browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
Kudos

Excellent post. I was checking continuously this blog
and I’m impressed! Extremely helpful info particularly the last part
🙂 I care for such info much. I was looking for this particular info for a very long time.
Thank you and good luck.

Thank you for every other informative site. The place else may
I get that kind of information written in such
a perfect manner? I have a mission that I’m simply now working on,
and I have been on the look out for such information.

Thanks , I have just been looking for information about this subject
for a while and yours is the best I have discovered so far.
However, what about the conclusion? Are you certain concerning the source?

Hey there! I’ve been reading your website for a while now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Porter
Tx! Just wanted to say keep up the excellent job!

Keep this going please, great job!

I have to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this site.
I am hoping to view the same high-grade content by you in the future as well.

In fact, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own site now ;
)

Hi, I do think this is an excellent website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will come back once again since I bookmarked it.
Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

Hi there! This article could not be written much better!
Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
He continually kept talking about this. I’ll send this
post to him. Fairly certain he’ll have a very good
read. Thank you for sharing!

After I initially commented I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on whenever a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the same comment.
There has to be a means you can remove me from that service?

Thank you!

I want to to thank you for this great read!! I absolutely loved every bit of it.
I have you book marked to look at new things you
post…

What’s up to every body, it’s my first pay a
visit of this weblog; this webpage includes remarkable
and in fact good stuff in favor of visitors.

I’m curious to find out what blog system you’re using?

I’m having some small security problems with
my latest site and I would like to find something more risk-free.

Do you have any recommendations?

Howdy! This post couldn’t be written much better! Going through this article reminds me
of my previous roommate! He always kept talking
about this. I am going to forward this post to him.
Fairly certain he’ll have a good read. Thank you for
sharing!

After looking at a handful of the articles on your website, I truly like your way of blogging.

I bookmarked it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back soon. Please visit my web site too
and tell me your opinion.

Spot on with this write-up, I actually believe
that this website needs much more attention. I’ll probably be back
again to read more, thanks for the advice!

I am not sure where you’re getting your information, but great topic.
I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
Thanks for wonderful information I was looking for this info
for my mission.

It’s fantastic that you are getting ideas from this paragraph as well as
from our dialogue made here.

Hi there! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers?
I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any tips?

I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought
this post was great. I don’t know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

Greetings from California! I’m bored at work so I decided to check out your blog on my iphone during lunch break.
I really like the information you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get
home. I’m shocked at how fast your blog loaded on my cell phone
.. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, great site!

continuously i used to read smaller articles that also clear their
motive, and that is also happening with this piece
of writing which I am reading now.

Hello there! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if
you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for my comment form?
I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having trouble finding one?
Thanks a lot!

Article writing is also a fun, if you know then you can write if not it is difficult to write.

I think the admin of this web site is in fact working
hard in favor of his web page, because here every material
is quality based material.

Hi there all, here every person is sharing these experience, therefore it’s fastidious to read this weblog, and I used to go to see this
weblog every day.

Currently it looks like Movable Type is the best blogging platform available right now.
(from what I’ve read) Is that what you are using on your blog?

Great site you have here but I was wondering if you knew of any discussion boards
that cover the same topics discussed in this article?
I’d really like to be a part of online community where I can get
feedback from other knowledgeable people that share the same interest.
If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Many
thanks!

I was able to find good information from your blog posts.

Keep this going please, great job!

Yes! Finally someone writes about ig.

Link exchange is nothing else but it is just placing the other
person’s web site link on your page at proper place and other person will also do same in favor of you.

Keep this going please, great job!

For newest information you have to visit world wide web and on internet I found this web page as a best
website for latest updates.

There’s certainly a great deal to know about this topic.

I love all the points you’ve made.

I am in fact happy to glance at this blog posts which carries tons
of helpful data, thanks for providing such statistics.

Everyone loves what you guys are usually up too. This sort of clever work and
reporting! Keep up the fantastic works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my own blogroll.

Hi, always i used to check webpage posts here
in the early hours in the break of day, as i enjoy to find out more and more.

I am regular reader, how are you everybody? This
piece of writing posted at this site is in fact good.

Peculiar article, just what I was looking for.

Magnificent goods from you, man. I’ve be mindful your stuff prior to and you are just extremely magnificent.
I really like what you’ve got here, really like
what you’re stating and the best way wherein you are saying it.

You’re making it enjoyable and you continue to care
for to keep it sensible. I can not wait to read far more from you.
This is actually a wonderful site.

I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great.
I don’t know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

I visited various web pages but the audio feature for
audio songs current at this site is truly excellent.

I used to be recommended this website via my cousin. I am no longer sure whether this submit is written by him as no one else realize such specified approximately my trouble.
You’re amazing! Thank you!

Hi there it’s me, I am also visiting this website on a regular basis, this website is truly fastidious and the people are genuinely sharing pleasant thoughts.

Hi there colleagues, nice piece of writing and nice arguments commented at this place, I
am actually enjoying by these.

Nice replies in return of this matter with firm arguments and
explaining all about that.

Hey there are using WordPress for your blog platform?
I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up
my own. Do you require any coding knowledge to make your own blog?
Any help would be greatly appreciated!

I’m amazed, I must say. Rarely do I come across a blog
that’s both educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head.
The issue is something that too few men and women are speaking intelligently about.

I’m very happy that I came across this in my hunt for something relating to this.

Hi, yes this paragraph is truly nice and I have learned
lot of things from it about blogging. thanks.

I was able to find good info from your blog posts.

Amazing! Its actually amazing piece of writing, I have got much clear idea
regarding from this article.

If you are going for best contents like myself, simply go to see this web page
everyday as it presents feature contents, thanks

Awesome! Its truly amazing post, I have got much
clear idea about from this paragraph.

Having read this I believed it was extremely enlightening.
I appreciate you finding the time and effort to put this informative article
together. I once again find myself spending way too much time both
reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worth it!

Excellent blog you’ve got here.. It’s hard to find quality writing like yours these
days. I honestly appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that I
acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
Anyway I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

Actually no matter if someone doesn’t be aware of after that its up to other people that they
will help, so here it takes place.

I take pleasure in, result in I found exactly what I used to be taking a look for.
You’ve ended my 4 day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day.
Bye

Hey very interesting blog!

Great article! That is the kind of info that should be shared across the internet.
Shame on the search engines for now not positioning this submit upper!
Come on over and consult with my website . Thank you =)

I’m no longer positive where you’re getting your information, but
great topic. I must spend a while studying much more or working
out more. Thank you for excellent information I was on the lookout for this information for my mission.

I all the time used to read piece of writing in news papers
but now as I am a user of internet therefore from
now I am using net for articles or reviews, thanks to web.

I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your website.
It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a
developer to create your theme? Fantastic work!

Hi! I simply wish to give you a huge thumbs up for the
excellent info you have right here on this
post. I will be returning to your blog for more soon.

Admiring the commitment you put into your blog and
detailed information you provide. It’s great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same unwanted rehashed material.
Excellent read! I’ve saved your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

Hello terrific blog! Does running a blog similar to this require a great deal of work?

I have no understanding of coding however I was hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyways, if you have any recommendations
or techniques for new blog owners please share. I know
this is off topic nevertheless I simply wanted to ask.
Thank you!

It’s in fact very complicated in this full of activity life to listen news on TV,
so I only use web for that reason, and get the latest news.

I constantly spent my half an hour to read this web site’s content daily along
with a cup of coffee.

magnificent issues altogether, you simply won a new reader.
What would you recommend about your put up that you made some days ago?

Any sure?

After I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked on the -Notify
me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on every time a comment is
added I receive four emails with the same comment. There has to be a way you can remove me from
that service? Thanks a lot!

Hi, i think that i saw you visited my blog so i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find things to enhance
my website!I suppose its ok to use a few of your
ideas!!

What’s up it’s me, I am also visiting this website regularly, this site is really nice and the viewers
are in fact sharing fastidious thoughts.

I like what you guys tend to be up too. This kind of clever work and reporting!
Keep up the great works guys I’ve added you guys to blogroll.

If some one desires to be updated with newest technologies after that
he must be visit this web page and be up to date everyday.

What’s up, its pleasant piece of writing on the topic of media print,
we all be aware of media is a fantastic source of information.

I for all time emailed this weblog post page to all my associates, since if like to read
it next my links will too.

Link exchange is nothing else however it is just placing the other person’s weblog link on your page at proper
place and other person will also do same in support of you.

I do not even know how I finished up here, but I believed
this submit was good. I don’t recognize who you are however certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you happen to aren’t already.

Cheers!

Hi to all, how is the whole thing, I think every one is getting more from this website,
and your views are pleasant for new people.

These are actually impressive ideas in on the topic of
blogging. You have touched some nice things here.

Any way keep up wrinting.

I simply could not go away your site before suggesting that I extremely loved the usual information an individual supply on your
guests? Is gonna be back continuously in order
to check up on new posts

I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme.
Did you create this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?
Plz respond as I’m looking to create my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from.
many thanks