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Libros y Manuales de Agronomia

Manual de Lombricultura. gratis pdf

ÍNDICE DE Manual de Lombricultura. gratis pdf

Pág.
1. INTRODUCCIÓN  Manual de Lombricultura. gratis pdf 5
2 CLASIFICACION TAXONOMICA DE LA LOMBRIZ 6
3 CARACTERÍSTICA DE LA LOMBRIZ
ROJA CALIFORNIANA 7
4 FACTORES A TENER EN CUENTA EN
LA PLANTACIÓN DE LOMBRIZ ROJA CALIFORNIANA 9
5. PRODUCCIÓN DE ESTIÉRCOL POR ANIMAL 9
6. PASOS GENERALES PARA ESTABLECER
UNA PLANTACION DE LOMBRICULTURA 10
7. PROCEDIMIENTO PARA EL ESTABLECIMIENTO
DE LA PLANTACION DE LOMBRICULTURA 10
8. BIBLIOGRAFIA 18

1. INTRODUCCION
La Lombricultura es una actividad agropecuaria y consiste en la crianza técnica de lombrices en cautiverio cuyo
objetivo inmediato es la producción de humus de lombriz el cual es un abono enteramente orgánico, y adicionalmente en mayor cantidad de lombrices que se denominara Pie de cría o Biomasa de lombrices
que constituyen una importante fuente de proteína

La lombricultura tiene un enfoque Ecológico por el reciclaje que se realiza con los d i f e r e n t e s  s u s t r a t o s e m p leados en su a l im e nt a c i ó n  (Excreta b o v i n a , B a s u r a Orgánica, d e s p e r d icios Industriales; tiene
además un enfoque tecnológico por los fenómenos microbiológicos y bioquímicos que ocurren en el proceso
de fermentación de la alimentación de las lombrices a partir de materiales orgánicos; además brinda
una repuesta simple racional y económica al problema ambiental.

CLASIFICACION TAXONOMICA DE LA LOMBRIZ, 

Reino: Animal
Tipo : Anélido ( cuerpo anillado)
Familia: Lumbricidae.
Género: Eisenia.
Especie: Foétida.
Anatomía y Fisiología:
Pared del cuerpo Sistema respiratorio
Aparato digestivo Sistema nervioso
Aparato
circulatorio Sistema reproductor
Aparato
neurosensorial Sistema excretor

CARACTERÍSTICA DE LA LOMBRIZ ROJA CALIFORNIANA
µ Posee boca pero no tiene dientes, succiona los alimentos para lograr su alimentación.

µ Los rayos ultravioletas la matan en poco tiempo.

µ Su cuerpo es cilíndrico, anillado y presenta de 120 a 175 segmentos, y está recubierta de una fina
cutícula, con una longitud en estado adulto de 6 a 8 cm. y un diámetro de 3 a 5 mm, su color va
de blanco rosa y ya adulta color rojo oscuro.

µ Respira a través de la epidermis, depositando el humus en un 1/3 de su recorrido, por lo que la cutícula
debe mantenerse adecuadamente húmeda.

µ Su aparato circulatorio está provisto de cinco pares de tubos musculares (corazones) y posee tres pares de riñones.

µ Es hermafrodita: Posee tanto ovarios, como testículos, es incapaz de autofecundarse por lo que necesita del acoplamiento de otra de su especie, el apareamiento se produce al situarse en posición paralela en sentido inverso las dos lombrices de tal forma que se corresponda al aparato genital masculino con el femenino, al realizarse esto
se produce un intercambio de espermatozoide quedando ambas lombrices fecundadas.

µ Clitelium: Con forma de anillo de color blanco rosado, está situado en el tercio anterior dotado de
una glándula que se encarga de secretar las sustancias que forman los capullos o cocones ò cápsulas donde se alojan los huevos fecundados, dicho capullo tiene forma de pera de 2-3 mm de diámetro, de color verde

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FUENTE:epositorio.una.edu.ni/2409/1/nf04s693.pdf

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