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Libros y Manuales de Agronomia

Manual: EL Huerto Familiar Biointensivo. pdf

INTRODUCCION

Presentación 5
Introducción 7
Suelo vivo 9
Para comenzar nuestro huerto familiar 10
Herramientas recomendadas 11
Preparación de la cama de cultivo 11
Doble excavación 13
Uso de composta y otros abonos 16
Siembra cercana 20
Asociación de cultivos 24
Rotación de cultivos 26
Uso de semillas de polinización abierta 28
Cultivos para la producción de composta 30
Cuidado integral 31
Anexos 32
Glosario 44

 

El suelo es uno de los recursos más valiosos de los seres vivos y del planeta, por lo que es necesario cuidarlo, abonarlo y mantenerlo limpio de químicos tóxicos. El huerto familiar se hace en un terreno pequeño cercano a la casa para cultivar hortalizas y alimentar a nuestra familia. Proporciona vegetales nutritivos y fortalece el suelo con composta y la siembra de cultivos especiales.

Para controlar plagas no utiliza insecticidas, herbicidas o fungicidas.
Tampoco emplea fertilizantes químicos, ya que el uso de abonos naturales proporciona beneficios al suelo, el agua, las plantas, los animales y las personas, además de que representa menos gastos de producción.
La palabra biointensivo se refiere al desarrollo biológico potente del suelo, mientras que el método biointensivo es un tipo de agricultura viable para la producción orgánica e intensa de alimentos, que no emplea maquinaria ni químicos. En la década de los ochenta del siglo pasado, en California, Estados Unidos, Ecology Action (Acción Ecológica) inició este método y ahora se usa en más de 130 países.

El método replica a la naturaleza, lo que implica que el huerto siempre esté cultivado. Las plantas deben colocarse juntas para que se cubran, protejan y se den sombra, favorecer la retención de agua en el suelo y que no
crezca la maleza.

El huerto debe estar cerca de fuentes de agua; protegido de animales, vientos, corrientes de agua, y recibir luz abundante. El tamaño depende de las necesidades familiares y/o del terreno libre: desde dos hasta 100 metros
cuadrados, o incluso más. Para tener un huerto con el método biointensivo debemos cumplir escrupulosamente los siguientes principios o fundamentos:
• Doble excavación.
• Uso de composta.
• Siembra cercana.
• Asociación y rotación de cultivos.
• Uso de semillas de polinización abierta.
• Cultivo para la producción de composta y generación de carbono y calorías.
• Cuidado integral.
En este manual se presentan estos principios de manera sencilla y práctica para que cualquier persona interesada pueda establecer un huerto familiar biointensivo en buenas condiciones, construir un suelo vivo y fértil, y
obtener alimentos

fuente: http://biblioteca.semarnat.gob.mx/janium

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