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Libros y Manuales de Agronomia

Guía “Biopreparados para plagas y enfermedades”. pdf

La Guía “Biopreparados para el manejo sostenible de plagas y enfermedades en la agricultura urbana y periurbana” se centra en el uso de una gran diversidad de bioestimulantes / enraizadores, biofungicidas, bioinsecticidas, biorepelentes / biofertilizantes elaborados con ingredientes sencillos y de bajo costo para los agricultores y sus familias

 

CRÉDITOS

Biopreparados para el manejo sostenible de plagas y enfermedades en la agricultura urbana y periurbana

Elaboración de la Parte I
Raúl Terrile
Consultor Contratado
raulterril@arnet.com.ar
Elaboración de la Parte II
Contribuciones de diversos Programas, Proyectos, ONGs, agricultores urbanos y otras instituciones de
Agricultura Urbana y Perirurbana de América Latina y El Caribe que gentilmente enviaron fichas con
biopreparados respondiendo a la convocatoria regional implementada por RUAF, IPES y FAO
Edición Técnica
Juan Izquierdo
Experto ® FAO, Producción Vegetal,
Oficina SubRegional de FAO par América del Sur
juan.izquierdo@fao.org
Tania Santivañez, Oficial de Protección Vegetal
Oficina Regional de FAO para América Latina y el Caribe
tania.santivanez@fao.org
Edición General
Alain Santandreu IPES/RUAF
alain_santandreu@yahoo.com
Diseño carátula
Roberto Valencia, Zonacuario
info@zonacuario.com
Diseño interior y diagramación
Zonacuario Comunicación con Responsabilidad Social
info@zonacuario.com

 

INDICE DE CONTENIDOS

PRESENTACIÓN
AGRADECIMIENTO
CAPÍTULO 1
BIOPREPARADOS PARA EL MANEJO SOSTENIBLE DE
PLAGAS Y ENFERMEDADES EN LA AGRICULTURA
URBANA Y PERIURBANA
¿QUÉ ES LA AGRICULTURA URBANA SOSTENIBLE?
¿CUÁLES SON LAS PRINCIPALES PLAGAS Y
ENFERMEDADES QUE AFECTAN A LA AGRICULTURA
URBANA Y PERIURBANA?
¿QUÉ ENTENDEMOS POR MANEJO SOSTENIBLE DE
PLAGAS Y ENFERMEDADES?
CICLO DE VIDA O METAMORFOSIS DE LAS PLAGAS
¿QUÉ SON LOS BIOPREPARADOS?
VENTAJAS Y DESVENTAJAS DEL USO DE
BIOPREPARADOS
CLASIFICACIÓN DE LOS BIOPREPARADOS
APLICACIÓN Y DILUCIÓN DE LOS BIOPREPARADOS
RECOMENDACIONES ÚTILES PARA EL MANEJO
SOSTENIBLE DE PLAGAS Y ENFERMEDADES EN LA
AGRICULTURA URBANA
Formas de acción de los biopreparados
Formas de preparación de los biopreparados

CAPÍTULO 2
BIOPREPARADOS PROBADOS EN LA AGRICULTURA
URBANA Y PERIURBANA SOSTENIBLE
I. BIOESTIMULANTES/ ENRAIZADORES
II. BIOFERTILIZANTES
III. BIOFUNGICIDAS
IV. BIOINSECTICIDAS / BIOREPELENTES
BIBLIOGRAFÍA

 

 

PRESENTACION

La Guía “Biopreparados para el manejo sostenible de plagas y enfermedades en la agricultura urbana y periurbana” se centra en el uso de una gran diversidad de bioestimulantes / enraizadores, biofungicidas, bioinsecticidas, biorepelentes / biofertilizantes elaborados con ingredientes sencillos y de bajo costo para los agricultores y sus familias. Incluye a 34 biopreparados probados en huertos y predios urbanos y periurbanos de ciudades de la Región, que fueron aportados en forma generosa por las instituciones de apoyo y los agricultores urbanos que respondieron a la Convocatoria Regional organizada por IPES y FAO-RLC.
Entendemos a la Agricultura Urbana y Periurbana (AUP) como una actividad multifuncional, que incluye la intensificación de la producción sostenible de
alimentos y/o su transformación, en zonas intra y peri urbanas, en forma inocua, de productos agrícolas (hortalizas, frutales, plantas medicinales, ornamentales, etc.) y pecuarios (animales menores) para autoconsumo o comercialización, (re) aprovechando eficiente y sosteniblemente recursos e insumos locales (suelo, agua, residuos, mano de obra, etc.), incorporando tecnologías sostenibles y apropiadas, considerando los saberes y conocimientos locales y promoviendo la equidad de género.

 

 

La AUP, para FAO e IPES implica el uso de tecnologías apropiadas (sociales, económicas, productivas, culturales, ambientales, etc.) y procesos participativos para la mejora de la calidad de vida de la población urbana (pobreza, nutrición, participación, generación de empleo e ingresos, etc.) y la gestión urbana social y ambientalmente sustentable de las ciudades.

La presente publicación forma parte de la Serie de Guías ¿Cómo Hacerlo? para Agricultores Urbanos elaborada por IPES – Promoción del Desarrollo Sostenible (Perú), la Fundación RUAF (Países Bajos) y la FAO en su Oficina SubRegional para América del Sur. Esta guía está dirigida, principalmente a agricultores urbanos, pero también puede ser utilizada por técnicos gubernamentales y de organizaciones no gubernamentales, líderes de organizaciones sociales, y público en general.
Una de las principales actividades de la agricultura urbana y periurbana es la producción agrícola sostenible. Cada vez son más los agricultores urbanos y los pobladores de países de América Latina y El Caribe (ALC) interesados en implementar o mejorar la gestión de sus huertos urbanos. Sin embargo en este caso y frente al común y creciente impacto de plagas y enfermedades, no siempre se dispone de técnicas y métodos prácticos, probados en campo y adaptados a su realidad, que puedan ayudarlos a mejorar sus actividades y reducir los efectos sobre la calidad y los rendimientos de los productos de la agricultura urbana. Creemos que esta es un primer aporte significativo en esta dirección.

fuente:

http://www.fao.org/3/a-as435s.pdf

 

 

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