Saltar al contenido
Libros y Manuales de Agronomia

Guia de identificacion de plagas y enfermedades de la piña.pdf

INDICE

Índice
Contraportada…………………………………………………………………………………..III
Índice ………………………………………………………………………………………………III
Presentación ………………………………………………………………………………………V
Introducción ……………………………………………………………………………………VII
1 Ciclo de vida del cultivo……………………………………………………………….. 1
2 Muestreos…………………………………………………………………………………… 3
2.1 Diseños de muestreos…………………………………………………………………………………………… 4
2.2 Muestreos realizados…………………………………………………………………………………………… 5
3 Plagas………………………………………………………………………………………… 8
3.1 Cochinilla harinosa: (Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cochinilla rosada), Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (Cochinilla gris)) 8
3.2 Sinfílidos (Hanseniella spp, Scutigerella spp, Symphylella spp)………… 11
3.3 Caracol (Opeas pumilum, Cecilioides aperta)…………………………………………… 13
3.4 Picudo (Metamasius dimidiatipennis)…………………………………………………………… 14
3.5 Nemátodos (Meloidogyne, Rotylenchulus, Helicotylenchus,
Pratylenchus y Criconemoides)…………………………………………………………………………………. 17
3.6 Thecla o Barrenador del fruto (Strymon basilide)………………………………… 20
3.7 Gusano soldado (Elaphria nucicolora)……………………………………………………….. 22
4 Enfermedades…………………………………………………………………………… 25
4.1 Pudrición del cogollo (Phytophthora parasitica), Pudrición del fruto (Phytophthora  Cinnamomi) 25
4.2 Fusarium (Fusarium sp)…………………………………………………………………………………… 29
4.3 Hoja de tamal (Erwinia carotovora), Pudrición bacterial del fruto
(Erwinia chrysanthemi)………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32
4.4 Pudrición del tallo ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 34
4.5 Pudrición acuosa o fruta bofa (Thelaviopsis paradoxa)……………………… 37

5 Problemas fisiológicos……………………………………………………………….. 39
5.1 Quema por sol:…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 39
5.2 Toxicidad:……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 39
5.3 Estrés hídrico:………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 40
5.4 Deficiencias o exceso de nutrientes:……………………………………………………………. 40
6 Malezas……………………………………………………………………………………. 43
6.1 Descripción de la plaga:…………………………………………………………………………………… 43
6.2 Caminadora (Rottboellia cochinchinensis)………………………………………………… 43
6.3 Cizaña (Asystasia gangetica)…………………………………………………………………………… 44
6.4 Mimosa (Mimosa pigra)…………………………………………………………………………………….. 44
6.5 Borreria (Spermacose alata)……………………………………………………………………………. 45
6.6 Tomatillo (Solanum torvum)……………………………………………………………………………. 45
6.7 Bejuco (Mikania micrantha)…………………………………………………………………………….. 46
6.8 Paja Blanca (Saccharum spontaneum)………………………………………………………… 46
6.9 Golondrina (Commelina benghalensis)……………………………………………………….. 47
6.10 Zacate kikuyo (Pennisetum clandestinum)………………………………………………… 47
6.11 Métodos de control:……………………………………………………………………………………………. 48
7 Combate de la Mosca del establo…………………………………………………. 50
7.1 Descripción de la plaga:…………………………………………………………………………………… 50
7.2 Ciclo de vida:………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 51
7.3 Habito y daño:………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 51
7.4 Métodos de control:……………………………………………………………………………………………. 53
8 Bibliografía………………………………………………………………………………. 56
9 Glosario……………………………………………………………………………………. 57

 

AUTORES

Edición
Ing. Agr. Mérilyn Rodríguez Murillo
Asistente Coordinadora Proyecto REP-Car BANACOL
Colaboradores:
Departamento de Asistencia Técnica y Agricultura (DATA) BANACOL
Ing. Agr. Milton Vásquez Salazar
Ing. Agr. Eliécer Arce Ramírez
Ing. Agr. Rodolfo Rodríguez Rojas. M. Sc
Ing. Agri. Andrés Araya Alpizar.
Coordinación Regional Proyecto REP-Car
Dr. Alexander Cooman
PNUMA/UCR/CAR
Unidad de Coordinación Nacional
Dr. Elidier Vargas Castro (Coordinador MINAET)
M.Sc. Luis Matarrita Díaz (Coordinador MAG)
Dra. Pilar Alfaro Monge (REPCar)
Coordinador proyecto PNUMA-Banacol
Ing. Abel García Muñoz
Director del DATA BANACOL
Equipo Técnico de Proyectos Demostrativos
Ing. Agr. Abel García Muñoz
Ing. Agr. Mérilyn Rodríguez Murillo
Otros colaboradores
Ing. Agr. Pedro Vargas Sánchez
Ing. Agr. Julios Mbuga
Finca Agrícola Industrial San Cayetano

 

PARA DESCARGAR DAR CLICK AQUÍ

:

FUENTE: http://cep.unep.org/repcar

 

 

Entradas relacionadas

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.

Comentarios (103)

That is true for investment recommendation as well.

Usually I do not learn post on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very pressured me to take a look at and do
it! Your writing style has been amazed me. Thanks, very nice post.

This info is priceless. When can I find out more?

Simply want to say your article is as astounding.
The clearness to your submit is just cool and i can assume you are a professional
in this subject. Well along with your permission let me to snatch
your RSS feed to keep up to date with impending post.
Thank you a million and please keep up the enjoyable work.

Appreciating the dedication you put into your site and in depth information you present.
It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same unwanted rehashed
information. Wonderful read! I’ve bookmarked your site and
I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to
say that I have truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I will
be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!

Hi, just wanted to say, I loved this article.

It was practical. Keep on posting!

Good day! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect
against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on.
Any recommendations?

I truly love your website.. Pleasant colors & theme.

Did you make this web site yourself? Please reply back as I’m wanting to create
my own blog and would love to learn where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named.
Kudos!

This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.

I’ve joined your feed and look forward to seeking
more of your great post. Also, I’ve shared your website in my social networks!

Thanks for your personal marvelous posting! I really enjoyed reading it,
you will be a great author. I will always bookmark your blog and definitely will
come back in the foreseeable future. I want to encourage you to definitely continue your great job,
have a nice morning!

Hello there! This blog post could not be written any better!
Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
He continually kept preaching about this. I will send this post to him.
Fairly certain he’ll have a great read. I appreciate you
for sharing!

I do not know if it’s just me or if everybody else encountering problems
with your website. It seems like some of the text within your posts are running
off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them as well?
This may be a problem with my internet browser because
I’ve had this happen before. Appreciate it

Wonderful blog! Do you have any hints for aspiring writers?
I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a
paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m totally
confused .. Any suggestions? Many thanks!

Wonderful web site. Lots of helpful information here.
I’m sending it to a few buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious.
And certainly, thank you to your effort!

No matter if some one searches for his vital thing, so he/she wishes to be available that in detail,
thus that thing is maintained over here.

Do you have a spam problem on this site; I
also am a blogger, and I was wanting to know your situation; we have created some nice methods and we are looking to exchange techniques with other
folks, be sure to shoot me an email if interested.

Great items from you, man. I have take into accout your stuff prior to and you’re simply
extremely excellent. I really like what you have acquired right here, certainly
like what you are stating and the way wherein you are
saying it. You’re making it enjoyable and you still care for
to stay it smart. I can not wait to learn far more from you.
This is really a wonderful web site.

What’s up, everything is going sound here and ofcourse every one
is sharing data, that’s really good, keep up writing.

hello!,I really like your writing so much! proportion we keep
up a correspondence more about your post on AOL? I need an expert on this area
to solve my problem. May be that is you! Having a look ahead
to look you.

We are a group of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.
Your website provided us with helpful info to work on. You have performed an impressive task
and our entire group will be thankful to you.

Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the
book in it or something. I think that you could do with
some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but other than that, this is wonderful
blog. A great read. I will definitely be back.

Hello there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my zynga group?

There’s a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your content.

Please let me know. Many thanks

Hmm it looks like your blog ate my first comment (it
was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say,
I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog
blogger but I’m still new to everything. Do you have any tips and hints for beginner blog writers?
I’d certainly appreciate it.

Hello Dear, are you in fact visiting this web page on a regular basis, if so afterward you will absolutely
get nice knowledge.

I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog.
Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing,
it is rare to see a great blog like this one today.

Thanks to my father who informed me about this webpage, this webpage is genuinely amazing.

Fantastic items from you, man. I have take note your
stuff previous to and you are just too fantastic.

I actually like what you have received right here, really like what you are saying and the way in which during which you assert it.
You’re making it entertaining and you continue to take care of to keep it smart.
I can not wait to read far more from you. That is really a
wonderful website.

Its like you read my mind! You appear to know
so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home
a bit, but instead of that, this is great blog.
A fantastic read. I will definitely be back.

Its like you learn my mind! You seem to grasp so much approximately this, such as
you wrote the e book in it or something. I feel that you simply can do with some percent to drive the message house a little bit, but other than that, that
is excellent blog. A great read. I’ll certainly be back.

Saved as a favorite, I really like your web site!

obviously like your web site however you need to test the spelling on several of your posts.
Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very bothersome
to tell the reality then again I’ll certainly come back again.

Undeniably imagine that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared
to be on the web the simplest factor to take into
accout of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while folks think about issues that
they just don’t recognize about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as neatly as defined out the
entire thing with no need side-effects , people could take a signal.
Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

Hi, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility problems.
Whenever I take a look at your site in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in Internet Explorer, it’s
got some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give
you a quick heads up! Apart from that, fantastic blog!

Excellent way of telling, and fastidious paragraph to obtain data on the
topic of my presentation subject, which i am going
to present in university.

Excellent article. Keep posting such kind
of information on your blog. Im really impressed by your blog.

Hi there, You’ve performed an excellent job. I’ll definitely digg it and in my view suggest to my friends.
I am confident they will be benefited from this
website.

I was recommended this website by my cousin. I am not sure
whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my difficulty.

You’re amazing! Thanks!

I read this article fully about the resemblance of most recent and preceding technologies, it’s awesome article.

A person necessarily help to make seriously articles I would state.

That is the very first time I frequented your website page and so far?

I amazed with the analysis you made to make this actual
post extraordinary. Magnificent job!

Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this site.
It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s tough to
get that “perfect balance” between superb usability and visual
appearance. I must say you’ve done a amazing job with this.

In addition, the blog loads extremely fast for me on Opera.

Outstanding Blog!

It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time
to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions.
Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article.
I want to read even more things about it!

Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all folks you actually recognize what
you are speaking about! Bookmarked. Kindly additionally talk over with my site =).
We will have a hyperlink exchange agreement among us

It is actually a great and useful piece of information. I’m
satisfied that you shared this helpful info with us.
Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your site.
You have some really good articles and I think I
would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some articles for your blog
in exchange for a link back to mine. Please shoot me an email if interested.
Regards!

Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog
that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like
this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would
have some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your
new updates.

Terrific article! That is the kind of information that
are meant to be shared across the internet. Disgrace on the seek engines for
now not positioning this publish higher! Come on over and consult with my website .
Thank you =)

Thank you, I have recently been looking for information about this subject for a while and
yours is the best I’ve discovered till now. But, what concerning the conclusion? Are you sure in regards to the supply?

These are actually enormous ideas in concerning blogging.
You have touched some fastidious factors here. Any way
keep up wrinting.

Wonderful article! That is the type of information that should be
shared around the web. Shame on the search engines for now not positioning this post higher!

Come on over and consult with my web site . Thank you =)

Great web site. Plenty of helpful information here.
I’m sending it to a few buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious.
And naturally, thank you on your sweat!

Hello my family member! I want to say that this article is awesome, nice written and
include almost all important infos. I would like to peer
extra posts like this .

I don’t know whether it’s just me or if everyone else
experiencing issues with your site. It looks like
some of the written text in your posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them as well?
This may be a problem with my web browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
Thank you

An impressive share! I have just forwarded this
onto a colleague who was conducting a little homework
on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast because I found
it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!!
But yeah, thanx for spending some time to discuss this subject here on your website.

Informative article, just what I was looking for.

Hi are using WordPress for your blog platform?

I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and
create my own. Do you need any coding expertise to make your own blog?
Any help would be really appreciated!

Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog site?
The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted
of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

Hello, I want to subscribe for this weblog to get latest updates, therefore where can i do it please assist.

First off I would like to say terrific blog! I had a quick question which I’d like
to ask if you don’t mind. I was interested to find out how you center yourself and clear your thoughts prior to writing.

I have had difficulty clearing my thoughts in getting my thoughts out.

I do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are usually wasted simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any ideas or hints?
Thanks!

Hello to all, since I am genuinely keen of reading this blog’s post to be updated on a regular basis.
It carries fastidious data.

For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no uncertainty very rapidly it will be
well-known, due to its feature contents.

Magnificent goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous
to and you’re just too great. I actually like what you have acquired here, really like what you’re saying and the way
in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still
care for to keep it sensible. I can not wait to read far more from you.
This is actually a great web site.

Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article.
I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful info.
Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely comeback.

Wonderful beat ! I would like to apprentice while you
amend your site, how could i subscribe for a blog website?

The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit
acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

What’s up to every one, for the reason that I am actually eager of reading this web site’s post to be updated on a regular basis.
It carries pleasant material.

I every time spent my half an hour to read this website’s posts daily along with a mug of coffee.

Pretty great post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I’ve
truly loved browsing your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing on your rss feed and
I am hoping you write once more soon!

It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the longer term and it’s time to be happy.
I have learn this put up and if I may just I desire to suggest
you some fascinating things or tips. Perhaps you could write next articles relating to this article.
I wish to learn more issues approximately it!

Wow! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a completely different topic but it has pretty much the same page layout
and design. Superb choice of colors!

I am curious to find out what blog system you’re using?

I’m experiencing some small security issues with my latest
site and I would like to find something more risk-free.
Do you have any recommendations?

At this time it seems like Expression Engine is the preferred blogging platform available right now.
(from what I’ve read) Is that what you are using on your blog?

Hi, i believe that i saw you visited my web site thus i got here to return the prefer?.I am trying to to find things to improve
my web site!I guess its adequate to use some of your concepts!!

Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s really informative.
I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future.
Many people will be benefited from your writing.
Cheers!

My spouse and I stumbled over here coming from a
different web address and thought I might check things out.
I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward
to looking at your web page again.

An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a colleague who
has been conducting a little homework on this.
And he actually bought me breakfast due to the fact that I discovered it
for him… lol. So allow me to reword this….

Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending some time to discuss
this matter here on your website.

What’s up everyone, it’s my first visit at this site,
and piece of writing is really fruitful in support of me, keep up posting these types of articles or
reviews.

Awesome! Its really remarkable piece of writing, I
have got much clear idea concerning from this paragraph.

I do not even know the way I finished up right here,
but I thought this put up used to be great. I do not understand who you’re
however definitely you are going to a famous blogger in case you aren’t already.
Cheers!

Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice at the same time as you amend your site, how can i
subscribe for a weblog web site? The account helped me a applicable deal.
I were a little bit familiar of this your broadcast provided shiny transparent idea

I’ve been surfing online more than 2 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article
like yours. It is pretty worth enough for
me. Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the
internet will be much more useful than ever before.

Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account
it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you!
By the way, how could we communicate?

A fascinating discussion is worth comment. I do believe that you should write more about this subject, it may not be a taboo
subject but generally people don’t speak about these topics.
To the next! Many thanks!!

Greate pieces. Keep posting such kind of information on your blog.
Im really impressed by your site.
Hello there, You have done a fantastic job.
I will definitely digg it and in my opinion recommend to my friends.
I am sure they’ll be benefited from this website.

Everything is very open with a really clear explanation of the issues.
It was definitely informative. Your site is very helpful.
Thanks for sharing!

I am really impressed together with your writing abilities as neatly
as with the structure on your weblog. Is that
this a paid subject or did you modify it yourself?
Either way stay up the nice quality writing, it’s uncommon to peer a
great weblog like this one these days..

I don’t even know the way I stopped up right here,
but I believed this put up was once good.

I do not know who you might be but definitely you’re going to a well-known blogger in the event you aren’t already.
Cheers!

Hi, for all time i used to check website posts here in the early hours in the daylight, since
i like to find out more and more.

I think this is among the most vital info for me. And i’m glad
reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The web
site style is perfect, the articles is really great :
D. Good job, cheers

Hi there! Quick question that’s completely off topic.
Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when viewing from my iphone4.

I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to fix this issue.

If you have any recommendations, please share. Cheers!

Greetings I am so delighted I found your site,
I really found you by error, while I was searching on Yahoo for something else, Regardless I am
here now and would just like to say thanks for a remarkable post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also
love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look
over it all at the moment but I have saved
it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I
will be back to read more, Please do keep up the awesome job.

This blog was… how do I say it? Relevant!!
Finally I’ve found something that helped me.
Thank you!

My spouse and I stumbled over here coming from a different website and thought I might as well check things out.
I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to looking over your web page yet
again.

Fantastic website. A lot of helpful info here.
I am sending it to some friends ans also sharing in delicious.
And certainly, thank you on your effort!

I am in fact thankful to the owner of this site who
has shared this enormous piece of writing at at this
place.

I’m not sure exactly why but this weblog is loading very slow for me.
Is anyone else having this problem or is it a problem on my end?

I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular article! It is the little changes that produce the greatest changes.
Many thanks for sharing!

Wonderful article! We will be linking to this particularly great post
on our website. Keep up the great writing.

Whats up very nice site!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Superb .. I will bookmark your web site and take the
feeds also? I’m happy to seek out numerous useful info here within the publish, we want develop more techniques in this regard, thank you for sharing.
. . . . .

Hi it’s me, I am also visiting this website on a regular basis, this web page is genuinely nice and the people are genuinely sharing fastidious thoughts.

Normally I do not read post on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very pressured
me to take a look at and do it! Your writing taste has been amazed me.
Thank you, very nice post.

Thank you for sharing your info. I really appreciate
your efforts and I am waiting for your next post thanks once again.

I absolutely love your blog and find almost all of your post’s to be just what I’m looking for.

Do you offer guest writers to write content to suit your needs?

I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on a
few of the subjects you write about here.
Again, awesome weblog!

Howdy! Would you mind if I share your blog with my facebook group?
There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content.

Please let me know. Thanks

Remarkable issues here. I am very satisfied to see your post.
Thanks so much and I’m taking a look ahead to touch you.
Will you please drop me a e-mail?