Saltar al contenido
Libros y Manuales de Agronomia

Manual de Sistema de Riego por Goteo. PDF Gratis

QUE ES UN SISTEMA DE RIEGO POR GOTEO

Es un método de riego localizado donde el agua es aplicada en forma de gotas a través de emisores, comúnmente denominados “goteros”.

La descarga de los emisores fluctúa en el rango de 2 a 4 litros por hora por gotero.

El riego por goteo suministra a intervalos frecuentes pequeñas cantidades de humedad a la raíz de cada planta por medio de delgados tubos de plástico.

Resultado de imagen para riego por goteo

Este método, utilizado con gran éxito en muchos países, garantiza una mínima pérdida de agua por evaporación o filtración, y es válido para casi todo tipo de cultivos.

Ventajas del sistema de  riego por goteo

De forma sintética, estas son las principales ventajas del riego por goteo:

  1. No perderemos agua por escorrentía (el agua que corre por la superficie). Al administrarse el aguagota a gota, esta nunca podrá acumularse en la superficie y correr sobre ella,  perdiendo así este agua y haciendo que a la planta no le dé tiempo a absorberla.
  2. Bajo consumo de energía en el sistema de bombeo del agua.
  3. Automatización completa del sistema. Gracias al programador  lo controlamos todo en todo momento. ¡Perfecto para irnos de vacaciones!
  4. Disposición exacta del agua en el lugar en el que necesita la planta. El sistema de riego por goteo distribuye en el agua directamente en la raíz de la planta para que absorba más rápido y se encargará de distribuirla.
  5. Administrar los nutrientes y fertilizantes necesarios para nuestra planta en el agua, mejorando así el  rendimiento de nuestro huerto. Proceso también conocido como fertirriego.
  6. Adiós a las malas hierbas. Al echar el agua directamente en la planta evitamos regar las malas hierbas, impidiéndoles así el crecimiento.
  7. Reducción de plagas. Al no mojar la planta en sí, sino solamente las raíces impedimos, por ejemplo, la aparición de hongos en las hojas. Tenemos que tener especial cuidado con la colocación  del gotero ya que si está muy pegado al tronco puede generar enfermedades vasculares.
  8. Este sistema de riego es apto para instalarse en cualquier tipo de terreno.
  9. Menor erosión del suelo ya que el agua no corre por este.
  10. Ahorra desde un 40% hasta un 60% de agua y puedes llevarla a zonas de difícil acceso ya sea laderas o quebradas.
  11. Aumenta la producción y calidad ya que el riego es directo y controlado, ahorras mano de obra y gastos por el consumo de agua.
  12. Aumento del rendimiento por el trabajo y los recursos empleados así como una mejora con respecto a la productividad por hectárea.
Resultado de imagen para riego por goteo

Desventajas

A pesar de las ventajas del riego por goteo presenta también algunos inconvenientes:

  1. El riego por goteo es más caro en la instalación que otros sistemas de riego. Pero realmente a la larga será mucho más económico y sobretodo ecológico.
  2. Posible taponamiento de los goteros debido a las sales que pueda contener el agua o por la mala calidad del gotero. Para ello recomendamos el uso de sistema de filtrados, algo que supone un aumento del presupuesto.
  3. No se puede labrar el suelo una vez está instalado el sistema.
  4. Alto coste de mantenimiento.
  5. Requiere de mayor preparación técnica por parte del agricultor.
  6. Necesidad de fertilizantes totalmente solubles en agua.

Sin embargo, el gran ahorro de agua que produce, permitiendo regar zonas áridas o semiáridas con escasez de agua o con agua de baja calidad, junto con la posibilidad de fertirrigar, aumentando la calidad y cantidad de las cosechas, hace que el riego localizado por goteo sea cada vez mas utilizado

COMPONENTES DE UN SISTEMA DE RIEGO POR GOTEO

FUENTE DE PRESIÓN

Puede ser una Bomba, o tal vez un estanque que se encuentre ubicado por lo menos 10 metros sobre el nivel del terreno a regar, o una red Comunitaria de agua presurizada.

LINEA DE PRESION

Constituido por una tubería de PVC, cuyo diámetro depende del tamaño de la parcela a la que se le aplicará este tipo de riego y que permite conducir las aguas desde los pozos existentes o desde la bomba hacia los cabezales, presurizando en su recorrido el agua al ganar presión hidrodinámica gracias a la topografía del lugar al tener pendiente a favor.

CABEZAL DE RIEGO

Constituido por accesorios de control y filtrado. Los cabezales constan básicamente de:

  • – Válvula compuerta
  • – Válvula de aire
  • – Filtro de anillos
  • – Arco de riego con válvula de bola.

PORTA REGANTES

Tubería de PVC que permite conducir el agua hacia cada uno de los laterales donde se instalarán las cintas de goteo.

EMISORES

Constituidos por las Cintas de Goteo, que permiten emitir caudales de aproximadamente 1 a 2 litros por hora por cada gotero (ubicados cada 20 cm, o más). Las cintas trabajan con presiones nominales de hasta 10 metros de columna de agua.

DESCARGAR MANUAL COMPLETO

Entradas relacionadas

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.

Comentarios (108)

Schwab Clever Portfolios invests in Schwab ETFs.

Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed!

Extremely helpful information specially the last part :
) I care for such information much. I was looking for this
particular info for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

Hi to every one, since I am genuinely keen of reading this
website’s post to be updated daily. It consists of fastidious stuff.

Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an really long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear.
Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted
to say fantastic blog!

I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you create this website
yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz answer back as I’m looking to construct my own blog and would like to know where u got this from.
kudos

Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as
I provide credit and sources back to your weblog? My blog is
in the very same area of interest as yours and my visitors would truly
benefit from some of the information you provide here.
Please let me know if this alright with you.
Thanks a lot!

Hello friends, how is the whole thing, and what you want to say concerning this
paragraph, in my view its in fact remarkable in support
of me.

Spot on with this write-up, I actually believe this amazing site needs much more attention. I’ll probably be
returning to read through more, thanks for the advice!

I do not know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else experiencing
issues with your site. It appears as if some of the text within your content are running
off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me
know if this is happening to them as well? This could be a issue with my
web browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
Appreciate it

Great web site. A lot of helpful info here. I’m sending it to several buddies
ans additionally sharing in delicious. And of course, thanks for
your sweat!

I do accept as true with all of the ideas you have presented
in your post. They’re very convincing and can certainly
work. Nonetheless, the posts are very short for starters.
May just you please prolong them a bit from next time?
Thanks for the post.

Greate post. Keep posting such kind of information on your blog.
Im really impressed by your blog.
Hello there, You have done an excellent job. I’ll definitely digg it and personally suggest to my friends.
I’m confident they will be benefited from this web site.

Hi, I do think this is an excellent site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going
to come back yet again since I book marked it. Money and freedom is
the best way to change, may you be rich and continue
to help others.

Today, I went to the beach with my children. I
found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed the shell to her ear and screamed.
There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.

She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off
topic but I had to tell someone!

Hi my loved one! I wish to say that this article is amazing, great written and
include approximately all significant infos.
I’d like to look more posts like this .

Remarkable things here. I am very satisfied to see your article.

Thanks a lot and I’m looking ahead to contact you.

Will you please drop me a e-mail?

Howdy, I do think your blog could possibly be having
web browser compatibility problems. When I take a look at your blog
in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping
issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick
heads up! Other than that, fantastic blog!

Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you penning
this article and also the rest of the website is also very good.

Excellent way of explaining, and nice piece of writing to take information on the topic of my presentation focus,
which i am going to convey in university.

Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed!
Extremely helpful info specifically the last part
🙂 I care for such info a lot. I was seeking this certain information for a very long time.
Thank you and best of luck.

Great weblog here! Additionally your web site loads up fast!
What host are you the usage of? Can I am getting your associate hyperlink in your host?

I desire my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed
surfing around your weblog posts. In any case I’ll be
subscribing in your rss feed and I am hoping you write again soon!

Good day I am so thrilled I found your weblog, I really
found you by accident, while I was browsing on Askjeeve for
something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say thank you for a marvelous post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look
over it all at the minute but I have book-marked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back
to read much more, Please do keep up the fantastic work.

Pretty great post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I have really loved surfing
around your weblog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing for your
rss feed and I am hoping you write once more soon!

Very good information. Lucky me I ran across your website by chance
(stumbleupon). I have saved as a favorite
for later!

Normally I don’t read post on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very forced
me to check out and do it! Your writing style has been amazed me.

Thanks, quite great post.

Excellent article. I will be going through a few of these issues as well..

Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how could i subscribe for a blog web
site? The account helped me a acceptable deal.
I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea

Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
The words in your article seem to be running off the screen in Firefox.
I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to
do with internet browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know.
The design and style look great though! Hope you get the issue resolved soon. Cheers

Hello to all, how is everything, I think every one is getting more from this
web page, and your views are nice designed for new visitors.

Hello very cool site!! Guy .. Excellent .. Amazing ..
I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds also? I’m glad to
seek out numerous helpful information here in the
publish, we’d like work out extra strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing.
. . . . .

Good article. I’m dealing with a few of these issues
as well..

This design is spectacular! You most certainly know how to keep
a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic
job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how
you presented it. Too cool!

Hi! Would you mind if I share your blog with my facebook
group? There’s a lot of people that I think would really enjoy your content.
Please let me know. Thanks

I just couldn’t depart your website before suggesting that I actually enjoyed
the standard information an individual provide in your visitors?
Is going to be back ceaselessly in order to check up on new
posts

Aw, this was an incredibly good post. Spending some time and actual effort to produce a top
notch article… but what can I say… I put things off a whole lot
and don’t manage to get nearly anything done.

I’m extremely inspired with your writing skills and
also with the layout in your blog. Is that this a
paid subject or did you modify it yourself? Anyway
stay up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to look a great blog like this
one today..

It’s really a cool and helpful piece of information. I am satisfied that you shared this helpful info with us.
Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

Today, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to
my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She
placed the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched
her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off
topic but I had to tell someone!

When some one searches for his required thing, so he/she desires to
be available that in detail, therefore that thing is maintained over here.

Awesome! Its really remarkable article, I have got much clear
idea on the topic of from this article.

Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! However,
how can we communicate?

I’m really inspired together with your writing talents as smartly as with the structure for your weblog.
Is that this a paid subject matter or did you customize it your self?

Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to
see a great weblog like this one nowadays..

This paragraph will assist the internet users for creating new webpage
or even a weblog from start to end.

I wanted to thank you for this good read!! I certainly loved every bit of it.
I have you book marked to look at new things you post…

Excellent blog post. I certainly appreciate this website.
Stick with it!

Hi colleagues, fastidious post and pleasant urging commented at this place, I am
actually enjoying by these.

It’s enormous that you are getting thoughts from this piece of writing
as well as from our dialogue made here.

Hmm is anyone else having problems with the pictures on this blog loading?
I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end or
if it’s the blog. Any responses would be greatly appreciated.

Hello, yes this post is actually fastidious and I have learned lot of things from it on the
topic of blogging. thanks.

Excellent way of explaining, and nice paragraph to obtain data regarding my presentation focus, which
i am going to deliver in college.

of course like your web-site but you have to check the spelling on several of your posts.
Many of them are rife with spelling problems and I to find it very troublesome to tell
the reality on the other hand I will definitely come
again again.

Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.

Look complex to far introduced agreeable from you!

By the way, how can we keep in touch?

What’s up, its good post on the topic of media print, we all be familiar with media is a
enormous source of information.

Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all folks you actually know what you’re
speaking about! Bookmarked. Kindly also seek advice
from my site =). We may have a hyperlink trade arrangement among us

Hi there colleagues, its fantastic post concerning tutoringand completely explained, keep
it up all the time.

Very descriptive blog, I liked that a lot. Will there be a part 2?

I know this web page offers quality depending articles or reviews and additional information, is there any other web site which
gives such data in quality?

Hello, I enjoy reading through your article.
I wanted to write a little comment to support you.

I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this blog.
I really hope to check out the same high-grade blog posts from you in the future as well.
In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my
own website now 😉

Good day! This is kind of off topic but I need some help from an established blog.

Is it tough to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick.
I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure where to begin.
Do you have any ideas or suggestions? Thank you

Excellent blog! Do you have any helpful hints for aspiring writers?
I’m hoping to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
Would you propose starting with a free platform like WordPress
or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m
totally confused .. Any suggestions? Thank you!

I used to be suggested this blog by way of my cousin. I am no longer certain whether this put
up is written by him as nobody else recognise such unique approximately my trouble.
You’re wonderful! Thank you!

I like the helpful information you supply in your articles.

I’ll bookmark your weblog and test again here regularly.
I’m slightly sure I’ll learn a lot of new stuff proper right here!

Best of luck for the following!

Do you have any video of that? I’d like to find out some
additional information.

Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though
you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly
know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting
videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

What’s up, the whole thing is going fine here and ofcourse every one
is sharing information, that’s in fact good, keep up writing.

I am really inspired with your writing talents as neatly as with
the format in your blog. Is that this a paid topic or did you customize it your self?
Either way stay up the nice quality writing, it’s
rare to peer a nice blog like this one these days..

I have read so many content on the topic of the blogger lovers however this
paragraph is in fact a fastidious paragraph, keep it up.

Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google,
and found that it’s truly informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels.
I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing.

Cheers!

It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate to this superb blog!
I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS
feed to my Google account. I look forward to new updates and will share this site with my Facebook group.
Chat soon!

Wow! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a entirely different topic
but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Wonderful choice of colors!

Have you ever considered creating an e-book or guest authoring on other websites?
I have a blog based on the same ideas you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my
readers would value your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e mail.

Yesterday, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a 25 foot drop, just
so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now
broken and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

Thanks in support of sharing such a good opinion, piece of writing is pleasant,
thats why i have read it fully

Hello there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my myspace group?
There’s a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your content.
Please let me know. Thanks

I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?

Plz answer back as I’m looking to create my
own blog and would like to know where u got this from.
appreciate it

Everything is very open with a very clear explanation of the
issues. It was truly informative. Your website is very useful.
Thank you for sharing!

Hi there mates, pleasant post and fastidious urging commented at this place,
I am actually enjoying by these.

Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say
that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

My spouse and I stumbled over here different web page and thought I may as well check things out.

I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward to looking at
your web page again.

Fastidious answers in return of this matter with solid arguments and
describing all concerning that.

An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a colleague
who had been doing a little research on this. And he in fact bought me dinner because I stumbled upon it for
him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!!
But yeah, thanx for spending time to discuss
this topic here on your web site.

It’s an remarkable post designed for all the online visitors; they will obtain advantage from it I am sure.

Hi, I do believe this is an excellent site.
I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to come back once again since i have book marked
it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich
and continue to help others.

It’s an remarkable piece of writing in favor of all the internet people;
they will take advantage from it I am sure.

Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the
net the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly
get irked while people think about worries that they just do not know
about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side
effect , people can take a signal. Will likely be back to get more.
Thanks

Hi, just wanted to say, I loved this post. It was inspiring.
Keep on posting!

Currently it seems like Expression Engine is the best blogging platform out
there right now. (from what I’ve read) Is that what you are using on your blog?

Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much.
I hope to provide something back and aid others like you aided me.

Hi everybody, here every one is sharing such
knowledge, so it’s pleasant to read this website, and I used to pay a visit this
webpage everyday.

Good day! Would you mind if I share your blog
with my myspace group? There’s a lot of people that I think would really
enjoy your content. Please let me know. Cheers

When I initially left a comment I seem to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are
added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the
exact same comment. Perhaps there is a way you can remove me from that
service? Thank you!

Great post but I was wanting to know if you could write
a litte more on this subject? I’d be very thankful if you
could elaborate a little bit further. Many thanks!

Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let
you know a few of the images aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think
its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both
show the same results.

Thanks very nice blog!

Its not my first time to visit this site, i am visiting this web site dailly and take nice information from here everyday.

Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the images on this blog loading?
I’m trying to figure out if its a problem on my end or
if it’s the blog. Any responses would be greatly appreciated.

Hello, the whole thing is going fine here and
ofcourse every one is sharing information, that’s actually good, keep up writing.

Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon every day.
It will always be interesting to read content
from other authors and practice something from other sites.

Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous
to and you’re just too magnificent. I really like what
you’ve acquired here, really like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it.
You make it entertaining and you still care for to keep it
wise. I can’t wait to read far more from you. This is really a tremendous web
site.

There is definately a lot to learn about this topic.
I love all the points you made.

Greetings! Very helpful advice within this post! It’s the little changes that produce the biggest changes.
Many thanks for sharing!

I blog quite often and I really thank you for your information. This great article
has truly peaked my interest. I am going to book mark your site and keep checking for
new details about once a week. I opted in for your Feed too.

It’s actually very complicated in this busy life to listen news on Television, therefore
I only use web for that purpose, and get the hottest news.

It’s hard to find knowledgeable people in this particular subject, but
you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

Your way of explaining all in this post is really fastidious, every one can effortlessly understand it, Thanks a lot.

Hi there very cool website!! Man .. Excellent .. Wonderful ..
I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds also?
I am satisfied to search out a lot of helpful information here within the post, we want develop extra
techniques on this regard, thank you for sharing. .

. . . .