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Libros y Manuales de Agronomia

Manual de Sistemas Agroforestales. pdf gratis

El Sistema Agroforestal (SAF) es la forma de usar la tierra, que implica la combinación de especies forestales, en tiempo y espacio, con especies agronómicas, en procura de la sostenibilidad del sistema.

Al establecer un SAF se deben aplicar técnicas de manejo de uso del suelo, combinando árboles de uso múltiple y maderables con cultivos agrícolas perennes y/o producción animal en el mismo sistema, lo cual se logra utilizando un “arreglo” o secuencia temporal de cultivo, según las prioridades del productor

 Las diversas formas de cultivar la tierra le permiten al agricultor diversificar la producción en sus fincas o terrenos, con el afán de obtener en forma asociativa madera, productos agrícolas, frutos, animales y forrajes. 

Componentes agroforestales

Sistema Agrosilvicultural 🌴

Sistema donde se combinan árboles con cultivos agrícolas en el mismo sitio.

Resultado de imagen para Sistema Agrosilvicultural

Es posible asociar cultivos agrícolas, en forma de callejones, entre las hileras de los árboles o estableciéndolos en la colindancia de los bloques de producción de árboles maderables.

Sistema Agrosilvopastoril: 🌴

Sistema donde se combinan árboles con cultivos agrícolas y pastos para producción animal, en forma simultánea o en forma secuencial.

Resultado de imagen para Sistema Agrosilvopastoril

Se puede combinar con el uso de cortinas rompevientos, árboles en hileras o cercas vivas.

Sistema Silvopastoril🌴

Sistema donde se integran pastos para ganado en una misma unidad de tierra, en asociación con árboles para leña, madera, frutos y forraje.

Resultado de imagen para Sistema Silvopastoril

El sistema es una producción combinada que busca proporcionar un mayor beneficio al productor.

Se emplean prácticas de conservación de suelos, al rotar el ganado. (Los animales a la sombra, rinden mejor).


🌴 Principales beneficios de los sistemas agroforestales

Entre los beneficios reportados para los SAF, se destacan los siguientes:

  • • Aprovechamiento óptimo del espacio físico.
  • • Aumento de los niveles de materia orgánica del suelo.
  • • Captura de dióxido de carbono.
  • • Conservación de la biodiversidad.
  • • Conservación del agua.
  • • Control de malezas.
  • • Mejoramiento del microclima.
  • • Protección de los suelos contra la erosión y la degradación.
  • • Reciclaje de nutrimentos.
  • • Diversificación de la producción.
  • • Sostenibilidad de los componentes agrícolas y forestales.
  • • Producción de madera.
  • • Promoción de una mayor estabilidad socioeconómica.

DESCARGAR EL MANUAL COMPLETO GRATIS

fuente: http://onfcr.org/

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