Admin/ enero 5, 2019/ Noticias/ 78 comentarios

Prehispánica. Muchos la consideran de origen asiático; sin embargo, el cronista español en el siglo XVII la registra en Historia del nuevo mundo como fruta ritual en algunas ceremonias incas.

En BarcelonaEspaña, la presenta como la “fruta dragón”.

La exhiben de manera especial como una fruta exótica y no pocos turistas, cuando la descubren en los mercados, le hacen registros fotográficos que parecen verdaderos “bodegones” pintados por artistas. Allí lucen en tonos amarillos bermellón y rosa y que, por sus formas, resalta entre todas las frutas expuestas.

“Es una fruta de Asia”, me dijeron, por eso mismo me animé a probarla, no quería perder la ocasión puesto que la tenía al alcance de mis manos.

El sabor me retrotrajo a mi época de infancia en Marcas-Chincha, cuando cogíamos el fruto de una planta cactácea que crece de manera silvestre, de forma erguida y cuyo fruto en apariencia y sabor es parecida a esta fruta que llaman ‘fruta dragón’; claro, este de menor tamaño, de color verde y pulpa blanca con diminutas semillas negras, al que conocíamos con el nombre de ‘ulquite’.

Entonces me di con la sorpresa de que se trataba de la misma fruta. O sea, la ‘fruta dragón’, ‘ulquite’, es la misma fruta que se conoce con el nombre de pitahaya y que, como se ha dicho, son de diversos colores.

Es decir, para nosotros no es ajena ni exótica porque sobre ella hay registros desde la época de la conquista, porque después, leyendo y releyendo crónicas del siglo XVI y XVII, motivada por la investigación sobre los felinos en la época prehispánica, con gran sorpresa encontré en Bernabé Cobo referencia sobre la pitahaya.

El cronista español pone en evidencia su uso en actos rituales en la época de los incas.

Pero no solo eso, opté por revisar los diccionarios de la lengua quechua y aymara para ahondar un poco más sobre el origen de este fruto.

Cuando difundí, vía internet y redes sociales, los avances de esta investigación, recibí de inmediato el comentario del reconocido arqueólogo Federico Kauffmann Doig, quien, además, me hizo llegar copia de la página 261 de su libro sobre la cultura Chachapoyas, donde precisamente hace referencia a este fruto.

“Pitaya -anota Kauffmann- es el nombre de un peñón situado cerca del puente de Caclic… su nombre deriva de un síncope o abreviatura de pitajaya (Hylocereus spp.), una cactácea particularmente endémica en el área.

Entre los petrorrelieves presentes en el barranco, destaca uno por sus grandes dimensiones y que precisamente es la que se conoce con el nombre de pithaya”.

Sin duda, el aporte valioso del doctor Kauffmann confirma que la pitahaya es endémica del Perú.

Sin embargo, en la actualidad se la conoce y difunde como nativa del Centro y del Sur de América; se dice que pitahaya es nombre haitiano que significa ‘fruta escamosa’. Algunas fuentes (internet: ecoagricultura), también atribuye su origen a México y Tailandia.

Fruta prehispánica

En el Perú, se lo conoce desde la época prehispánica, fruto, que no solo era comestible, sino que se utilizaba en ciertas ceremonias.

El cronista Bernabé Cobo (1653) en su libro Historia del nuevo mundo, en el capítulo XXVI, refiere que en el segundo mes, llamado “camay”, en luna nueva, se reunían en la plaza Aucaypata del Cusco los que habían sido “armado de caballeros”.

Divididos en Hanancuzco y Urincuzco, “se tiraban con cierta fruta como tunus, que llamaban pitahayas. Venían algunas veces a las manos a probar fuerza hasta que el inca se levantaba y los ponía en paz…”.

Bernabé Cobo, cronista, científico y sacerdote español, perteneciente a la compañía de Jesús, llegó al Perú en 1657 después de una estadía en la Antillas, Guatemala, Nueva Granada y Venezuela. Además de escribir Historia del Nuevo Mundo, abordó la realidad de virreinato peruano en los libros Descripciones del Callao Historia de la fundación de Lima. Es decir, conoció bien la comarca del Perú.

Resultado de imagen para pitahaya

Por todo ello, como se aprecia, la pitahaya, esa fruta que en Barcelona llaman “fruta dragón” y que muchos consideran oriunda de Asia y otros confines, era un elemento de rituales en el Perú antiguo.

Por todo ello, como se aprecia, la pitahaya, esa fruta que en Barcelona llaman “fruta dragón” y que muchos consideran oriunda de Asia y otros confines, era un elemento de rituales en el Perú antiguo.

Rastreo lingüístico

En la búsqueda de información sobre la pitahaya, indagué en libros y diccionarios. Entre ellos, encontré que a inicios del siglo XVII, Diego González de Holguín, consigna en Arte y Diccionario, Quechua-Español, lo siguiente: “Pitahaya, nom. Árbol que tiene las hojas espinozas como círios; la fruta está pegada al tronco, es melosa y sabrosa” (1608: pág. 272).

Asimismo, el Diccionario Kechua – Español, de Jorge A. Lira, define: WARÁKKO, Sin. Pitaháya. (1944: pág. 1108). En general, en el idioma quechua, el término “waraqo” está referido a plantas cactáceas o plantas de espinos grandes (Diccionario Simi Taqe: 2013).

La producción de la pitahaya se ha extendido a muchos países del mundo como Viet nam, Tailandia, Malasia, Australia, China, Japón e Israel; países que junto con Nicaragua, Colombia y Ecuador son los mayores productores. En nuestro país, la región amazónica es la más propicia para el cultivo de esta fruta de propiedades nutricionales, médicas,como antioxidante natural.

fuente:_ larepublica.pe/cultural/

Por Ana María Galvez

Compartir esta entrada

78 Comentarios

  1. That is true for investment advice as effectively.

  2. Do you have a spam problem on this site; I also am a blogger,
    and I was curious about your situation; we have
    created some nice practices and we are looking to exchange techniques with other folks, please
    shoot me an email if interested.

  3. Greate post. Keep writing such kind of information on your page.
    Im really impressed by it.
    Hello there, You have performed a fantastic job. I
    will certainly digg it and personally recommend to my friends.
    I am sure they will be benefited from this website.

  4. I am really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you customize it
    yourself? Either way keep up the excellent quality
    writing, it is rare to see a great blog like this one
    today.

  5. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good.
    I don’t know who you are but certainly you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  6. Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against
    hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any
    recommendations?

  7. It is perfect time to make a few plans for the long run and it is time to be happy.
    I have learn this submit and if I may I want
    to counsel you some fascinating issues or tips. Perhaps you can write
    next articles regarding this article. I desire to learn even more things
    about it!

  8. I’m not sure why but this site is loading extremely slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end?
    I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

  9. Very soon this site will be famous among all blog people,
    due to it’s fastidious articles

  10. It’s awesome to visit this website and reading the
    views of all friends concerning this piece of writing, while I
    am also eager of getting familiarity.

  11. Every weekend i used to visit this web page, for the reason that i want enjoyment, for the reason that this this web site conations truly
    pleasant funny stuff too.

  12. I have been surfing online more than 2 hours today, yet I never found any interesting
    article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for
    me. Personally, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you
    did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.

  13. Having read this I thought it was very informative. I appreciate you
    taking the time and effort to put this short article together.

    I once again find myself spending a lot of time both reading
    and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worth it!

  14. Just desire to say your article is as astonishing.
    The clearness for your post is just spectacular and that i could assume
    you’re knowledgeable in this subject. Well together with your permission let me to seize your feed to
    stay updated with impending post. Thanks a million and please keep up the gratifying work.

  15. It’s going to be ending of mine day, however before finish I am reading
    this fantastic paragraph to increase my experience.

  16. I have to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this site.
    I am hoping to see the same high-grade blog posts by you later on as well.
    In truth, your creative writing abilities has motivated
    me to get my own blog now 😉

  17. Ahaa, its good conversation regarding this article at this place at
    this webpage, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting
    at this place.

  18. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for your blog.

    You have some really good posts and I think I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off,
    I’d really like to write some material for your blog in exchange for a link
    back to mine. Please shoot me an email if interested.
    Cheers!

  19. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your blog.

    You have some really great posts and I think I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d really like to write some
    material for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please blast me an email if interested. Regards!

  20. I couldn’t refrain from commenting. Exceptionally well written!

  21. Exceptional post however , I was wanting to know if you
    could write a litte more on this subject? I’d be very grateful
    if you could elaborate a little bit further. Kudos!

  22. Highly energetic post, I loved that bit. Will there be a part 2?

  23. Yes! Finally someone writes about ig.

  24. What i do not realize is actually how you’re now not actually a lot more smartly-liked than you might
    be now. You’re so intelligent. You understand thus significantly relating to this topic, produced me
    individually consider it from numerous varied angles.
    Its like men and women don’t seem to be involved except it
    is one thing to do with Woman gaga! Your own stuffs nice.
    Always maintain it up!

  25. That is very attention-grabbing, You’re an overly skilled blogger.
    I have joined your feed and sit up for looking for extra of your excellent post.
    Additionally, I’ve shared your website in my social networks

  26. Can I simply just say what a relief to find an individual who
    truly knows what they are talking about on the web. You definitely understand how to bring a problem to light and make
    it important. More and more people should look at this and understand this side of the story.
    I can’t believe you aren’t more popular given that you definitely possess the
    gift.

  27. Hi! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to check it out.
    I’m definitely loving the information. I’m
    book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Superb blog and terrific design and style.

  28. First of all I want to say great blog! I had a quick question that
    I’d like to ask if you do not mind. I was curious to know how
    you center yourself and clear your mind before writing.
    I’ve had a difficult time clearing my mind in getting my ideas out there.
    I truly do take pleasure in writing but it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are generally wasted
    simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any ideas or hints?
    Kudos!

  29. Wow, this piece of writing is fastidious, my younger sister is analyzing these kinds of things,
    so I am going to inform her.

  30. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the longer term and
    it’s time to be happy. I have read this submit and if I may I wish to counsel you few interesting issues or suggestions.
    Perhaps you can write next articles relating to this
    article. I want to learn even more things approximately
    it!

  31. I believe this is among the most vital info for me.
    And i’m glad studying your article. However wanna statement on some common issues, The web site style is wonderful, the articles is in reality excellent :
    D. Excellent process, cheers

  32. I blog quite often and I genuinely thank you for
    your information. This great article has truly peaked my
    interest. I’m going to book mark your site and keep checking for new information about once per week.
    I subscribed to your Feed as well.

  33. Everyone loves what you guys tend to be up too. Such clever work and reporting!
    Keep up the great works guys I’ve included you guys to blogroll.

  34. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account
    it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you!

    By the way, how could we communicate?

  35. As the admin of this web page is working, no hesitation very
    rapidly it will be famous, due to its quality contents.

  36. Hi! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist
    with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some
    targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good gains.
    If you know of any please share. Cheers!

  37. Hi my friend! I want to say that this article is awesome, great written and
    include almost all important infos. I would like to peer more posts like this .

  38. Why visitors still use to read news papers when in this technological world the whole thing is
    existing on web?

  39. It’s actually a cool and useful piece of information. I’m glad that
    you just shared this useful information with us. Please keep us informed like this.
    Thanks for sharing.

  40. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite
    justification seemed to be on the net the simplest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I certainly get irked while people consider worries
    that they just don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail
    upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having
    side-effects , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more.
    Thanks

  41. Great site you have got here.. It’s difficult to find high quality writing like yours nowadays.
    I honestly appreciate individuals like you!
    Take care!!

  42. Having read this I believed it was rather informative.
    I appreciate you taking the time and energy to put this article together.
    I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and posting comments.
    But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  43. Hello, I would like to subscribe for this webpage to get latest updates,
    so where can i do it please assist.

  44. I all the time emailed this webpage post page to all my friends, because if like to read it after that
    my links will too.

  45. obviously like your website however you need to check the spelling on several of your posts.
    Many of them are rife with spelling problems and I in finding
    it very bothersome to tell the reality then again I’ll definitely
    come back again.

  46. Your style is very unique in comparison to other people I have read stuff
    from. I appreciate you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just bookmark this blog.

  47. Hi there to all, how is the whole thing, I think every one is getting more from this site, and your views are
    nice in favor of new users.

  48. WOW just what I was searching for. Came here by searching for ig

  49. This article will help the internet users for creating new webpage
    or even a blog from start to end.

  50. I am really inspired together with your writing skills and also with the structure
    to your weblog. Is that this a paid subject matter or did you
    customize it yourself? Anyway stay up the excellent quality writing, it is uncommon to
    see a nice weblog like this one nowadays..

  51. Right away I am going to do my breakfast, later than having my breakfast coming again to read further news.

  52. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be
    happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions.
    Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.
    I wish to read even more things about it!

  53. Can I simply just say what a relief to uncover somebody that actually understands what they are discussing over the internet.

    You certainly know how to bring an issue to
    light and make it important. A lot more people have to check this
    out and understand this side of the story.
    It’s surprising you are not more popular since you certainly have the gift.

  54. Wow that was strange. I just wrote an extremely long
    comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyway, just wanted to say superb blog!

  55. Excellent items from you, man. I’ve consider your stuff
    prior to and you are simply too wonderful. I actually
    like what you have got here, really like what you’re stating and the best way during which you are saying it.
    You’re making it enjoyable and you continue to care for to
    stay it wise. I can’t wait to read far more from you.
    This is really a wonderful site.

  56. Good day! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to
    get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords
    but I’m not seeing very good gains. If you know of any please share.
    Cheers!

  57. It’s an awesome article for all the internet visitors; they will get benefit from it I am sure.

  58. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thank you so much,
    However I am experiencing troubles with your RSS.
    I don’t know the reason why I am unable to join it.
    Is there anybody getting similar RSS problems?
    Anybody who knows the answer can you kindly respond?
    Thanks!!

  59. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find It truly useful & it
    helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

  60. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest but
    your blogs really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back later.

    Cheers

  61. Schwab Intelligent Portfolios invests in Schwab ETFs.

  62. Can you tell us more about this? I’d like to find out more details.

  63. Generally I do not read article on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to check out and
    do it! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, quite
    nice article.

  64. If some one needs to be updated with newest technologies after
    that he must be pay a visit this web page and be up to date daily.

  65. Thank you for any other fantastic article. Where
    else may anyone get that type of information in such a perfect method of writing?
    I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I’m at the look for such info.

  66. What i don’t realize is in fact how you are now not really a lot more neatly-appreciated than you might be right now.
    You’re very intelligent. You already know thus considerably with regards
    to this subject, made me in my opinion consider it from numerous varied angles.
    Its like women and men are not interested unless it is one thing
    to do with Woman gaga! Your personal stuffs excellent.
    Always handle it up!

  67. bookmarked!!, I love your blog!

  68. Hi there very nice website!! Man .. Excellent ..
    Superb .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally?
    I’m glad to search out numerous helpful information right here within the publish, we want develop extra techniques
    in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  69. Great post! We are linking to this great article on our website.
    Keep up the good writing.

  70. It’s an remarkable post in support of all the online users;
    they will obtain benefit from it I am sure.

  71. Hi, I do think this is a great website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to
    revisit once again since I bookmarked it. Money and freedom is the greatest
    way to change, may you be rich and continue to help others.

  72. Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you writing this post and also the rest of the site is
    also really good.

  73. I was suggested this web site by means of my cousin.
    I’m no longer positive whether this submit is written via him as
    no one else recognize such distinctive about my trouble. You’re incredible!
    Thanks!

  74. Hi would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m looking to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a difficult time selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most blogs
    and I’m looking for something completely unique. P.S My apologies
    for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  75. I think this is among the most important info for me.
    And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on some general things,
    The web site style is wonderful, the articles is really great : D.
    Good job, cheers

  76. Wonderful article! That is the kind of info that should be shared around the internet.
    Disgrace on the search engines for now not positioning this
    post higher! Come on over and consult with my web site .
    Thanks =)

  77. Thanks for finally talking about >Peru: La pitahaya del cronista Bernabé Cobo | Libros y Manuales de Agronomia
    <Liked it!

  78. We’re a group of volunteers and opening
    a new scheme in our community. Your web site offered us with valuable information to
    work on. You’ve done a formidable job and our entire community will be thankful to you.

Dejar un Comentar

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.

Puedes usar estos HTML tags y atributos: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>